The Emerald City, with its prosperous homes and luxurious stores, resembled nothing as much as it did the “White City” of Chicago’s Columbian Exposition of , which Baum had visited several times. Michigan State University Press. Other putative allegorical devices of the book include the Wicked Witch of the West as a figure for the actual American West ; if this is true, then the Winged Monkeys could represent another western danger: Parable on Populism,” American Quarterly 16 In the book, the city is bland white, and all who enter must put on Emerald colored glasses.
These presidents were fairly unimpressive and did the bidding of the rich. The enslavement of the yellow Winkies was “a not very well disguised reference to McKinley’s decision to deny immediate independence to the Philippines” after the Spanish-American War. To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. Once healthy and productive, the Woodman was cursed by the wicked Witch of the East, lost his dexterity, and accidentally hacked off his limbs. Frank Baum’s lines and see various images of the United States at the turn of the century. Taylor, in the Independent Review Feb.
In itself, however, this discovery proves nothing. Edited by William Leach. According to this view, ooz instance, the Yellow Brick Road represents the gold standardand the Silver Shoes Ruby slippers in the film version represent the Silverite sixteen to one silver ratio dancing down the road.
The Johns Hopkins University Press. The Farmers Alliances created the Populist Party Political power is like witchcraft…some use the power for good, some for evil purposes.
So Was the Wizard of Oz an Allegory for Populism?
Culver, littlefielv Manikins Want: It was an interesting notion, one scholars could not leave alone, and they soon began to find additional correspondences between Populism and The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. When the Populist Party met in to decide whether or not to endorse William Jennings Bryan, many delegates, thrsis from the South, were opposed. The text has been treated as a theosophical allegory. There is also an anecdote that Baum spoke on behalf of a Republican candidate on one day, then gave the same speech in favor of a Democrat on another day Hearn The Bryan nomination created a split in the Democratic Party, as gold-standard delegates bolted the convention.
The Wizard of Oz and the allegory of the Populist movement by Cody Moore on Prezi
Indigenous peoples of the Americas. Littlefield eventually wrote an article, ” The Wizard of Oz: Genovese described The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as “the story of the sad collapse of Populism and the issues upon which the movement was based. This is a long article. Each lost appendage was replaced with tin until the Woodman was made entirely of metal. Had not McKinley prompted by the wealthy industrialist Mark Hanna made the gold standard the centerpiece of his campaign against Bryan and free silver?
Frank Baum,” in L.
Past and Present Glenview, Ill. Hearn wrote that he had found “no evidence that Baum’s story is in any way a Populist allegory”; Littlefield’s argument, Hearn concluded, “has no basis in fact. Oz in the Thesie. Scarecrow left in charge of Oz. In Emerald City, everyone is required to wear green glasses with golden bands, so that nearly littlefielf appears in a resplendent green. I agree tha the Wizard of Oz was meant as a critique of the Populist Party.
However this may have been sarcastic or a rhetorical question, as he also wrote “An eastern contemporary, with a grain of wisdom in its wit, says that ‘when the whites win a fight, it wizarx a victory, and when the Indians win it, it is a massacre.
Richard Jensen, in a study of Midwestern politics and culture, devoted two pages to Baum’s story. Durden, The Climax of Populism: Auth with social network: On the surface, this verdict is confirmed by Ranjit S.
The Wizard of Oz: A Parable for Populism?
As a journalist and editor, he was familiar with the political events and controversies of the day, and he commented liberally on a number of them. Rockoff, who saw in Llittlefield Wonderful Wizard of Oz “a sophisticated commentary on the political and economic debates of the Populist Era,” discovered a surprising number of new analogies.
These presidents were fairly unimpressive and did the bidding of the rich.
Second, all agree that Baum injected political satire into some of his later works, including the stage production of Ozwhich parodied the Populists, among others. In the movie, Kansas is sepia-toned, washed out.
Unfortunately a number of other articles later came out that misunderstood or reinterpreted what Littlefield had said or meant, and other writers took the ideas even further, many not even aware of Littlefield’s original essay.