The region supports mangroves, including: Hundreds of years of habitation and exploitation have exacted a heavy toll on this ecoregion’s habitat and biodiversity. Archived from the original on 10 December Tigers readily cross these islands and man-tiger interactions are common. It is home to a rich population of different species of wildlife, such as water fowl , heron , pelican , spotted deer , rhesus macaques , wild boar , tigers, water monitor lizards , fishing cats , otters , olive ridley turtles , crocodiles , batagur terrapins , and migratory birds.

Autonomous administrative divisions Cities Districts Municipalities States and territories. New forest accretions is often conspicuously dominated by keora Sonneratia apetala and tidal forests. This place is in the close proximity to Sajnekhali and developed as the tourist complex to enhance the tourism activity in and around the Sundarbans National Park. World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Journal of Science Foundation.

The Sundarbans

The area is known for the Bengal tiger Panthera tigris tigrisas well as numerous fauna including species of birds, spotted deercrocodiles and snakes. Sundarbaney Arjan Sardara novel by Shibshankar Mitra, and Padma Nadir Majhia novel by Manik Bandopadhyayare based on the rigors of lives of villagers and fishermen living in the Sunderbans region, and are woven into the Bengali psyche to a great extent.

List of rivers of Sundarbans. Along with the Sajnekhali and Sudhanyakhali watch towers, there are other watch towers such as Netidhopan, Haldi and others from where one can get the wonderful sight of the royal Bengal tigers. Sundarban has achieved its name from the Sundari Trees. Besides the above-mentioned trees, the tall and wide Goran trees cover a large part of the Sundarbans.


The Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary which is situated on a land between the Peechkali and Gomati Rivers, and the only place in the Sundarbans forest to take a walk. The Sundarbans plays an important role in the economy of the southwestern region of Bangladesh as well as in the national economy. However, the lands near the villages are oark from ponds that were filled up during monsoon, and vegetable crops Rabi crops can be grown here.


A Forest Division, which is the basic forest management and administration unit, was created in with the headquarters in KhulnaBangladesh. It is home to a rich population of different species of wildlife, such as water fowlheronpelicanspotted deerrhesus macaqueswild boartigers, water monitor lizardsfishing catsottersolive ridley turtlescrocodilesbatagur terrapinsand migratory birds.

As the ground is elevated as a result of sundaeban deposition, other trees make their appearance. The mangrove vegetation of Sundarbans has 64 plant species.

In many of sunsarban Bangladesh’s mangrove wetlands, freshwater reaching the mangroves was considerably reduced from the s because of diversion of freshwater in the upstream area by neighbouring India through the use of the Farakka Barrage bordering RajshahiBangladesh. One of a kind, Bhagbatpur Crocodile Project is a crocodile breeding farm located in the Bhagbatpur area of the Sundarbans.

The vegetated tidal lands of the Sundarbans function as an essential habitat, produces nutrients and purifies water. Retrieved 16 December The characteristic tree of the forest is the sundari Heritiera littoralisfrom which the sundabran of the forest had probably been derived.

Involved in the Sundarbans since the inception of Project Tiger.

essay on sundarban national park

Sunderban mangroves form part of the subcontinent’s largest mangrove system with a tiger population in a distinct ecological setting. Bestowed with magnificent scenic beauty and natural resources, it is internationally recognized for its high biodiversity of mangrove flora and fauna both on land and water.

In addition to traditional forest produce like timber, fuelwood, pulpwood etc. This page was last edited on 18 Mayat Known as the gateway to the Sundarbans, the Piyali Island is situated in the Sundarbans at a distance of 72 km from Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal. Several NGOs have been involved in the relief operation. All With videos With photo gallery. The natural drainage in the upstream areas, other than the main river channels, is everywhere impeded by extensive embankments and polders.


Archived from the original on 29 March It was a water-logged jungle, in which tigers and other wild beasts abounded. The commonly identifiable vegetation types in the dense Sundarbans mangrove forests are salt water mixed forest, mangrove scrub, brackish water mixed forest, littoral forest, wet forest and wet alluvial grass forests.

Sundarbans National Park

No tiger death has natiojal reported, apart from the mortality of two spotted deer. For the Indian part, see Sundarbans National Park. The remaining portions of the forests were declared a reserve forest the following year and the forest, which was so far administered by the civil administration district, was placed under the control of the Forest Department.

The tides are so large that approximately one third of the land disappears and reappears every day. The forest staff, using motorboats and launches, protect the park from illegal poaching and theft. The rising sea levels had also submerged around 7, hectares 19, acres of forest areas.

essay on sundarban national park

The remaining forests, taken together with the Sundarbans mangroves, are important habitat for the endangered tiger.