No information on response rate et al. Data collection methods will also have to capture evidence despite variable response rates due to staff turnover, and a wider application of qualitative methods used to effect in two of the studies; Gold, ; Boivie et al. With the systems approach, translation of research findings into actions is a significant barrier, and empowering staff and their participation is a key factor e. Sample A total of 57 papers were identified as potentially having apparent but variable relevance to the aim of the review: Recent post United Kingdom Department of Health documents and literature about the views of practitioners was also consulted.
Methods employed The research methods utilized by the sample studies broadly can be categorized into quantitative surveys and various qualitative tools. Thus, vulnerability to job-related stress seems to relate to a complex mix of social gradient, job control, effort-reward imbalance, social support and health behaviours Lunt et al. Corresponding author Andrew McVicar can be contacted at: Comparison with a non-intervention group appears to strengthen the evaluation, but PAR also provides an opportunity to implement an innovative strategy sensitive to the workplace situation. Intervention study on psychosocial work factors and mental health and musculoskeletal outcomes. Briner and Reynolds, ; Lamontagne et al.
Workplace stress in nursing: a literature review.
Although mainly positive, some studies also reported some negative outcomes. In general, most studies lasted at least 18 months. All had positive outcomes, considered to be those evidenced as having had an impact on conditions and processes in the workplace: Sample A total of 57 papers were identified as potentially having apparent but variable relevance to the aim of the review: What appeared to be more important was the level of uptake of the intervention by employees within the organization or unit; this has implications for the design of the study in the context of its specific aims and scope.
PAR can be effective here, for example, Heaney et al. Six of the 11 studies took place in the statutory sector i. The purpose of this paper is to present a review of PAR studies which had predominantly positive outcomes, in order to identify features of their designs. The study by Halbesleben et al. The author nursinng that established hierarchical decision-making processes, and inequality of power in the company were critical factors, the implication being that engagement of management and srtess perceived benefits of change, are more important than how an interventional project is initiated.
Whilst specifically Workplace stress related to stress research, the focus was more concerned with community interventions development or public health than with kn stress management, and so the papers were rejected. A literature search from January to April was conducted using the key words nursing, stress, distress, stress management, job satisfaction, staff turnover and coping to identify research z sources of stress in adult and child care nursing.
Thus, vulnerability to job-related stress seems to relate to a complex mix of social gradient, job nursung, effort-reward imbalance, social support and health behaviours Lunt et al. Eight studies only included. These usually drew on the findings from earlier phases of the study and 6,1 informed the next stage, such as a wider consultation phase or implementation phase.
Workplace stress in nursing: a literature review.
An initial analysis of the value to this study was made by one of the authors PS anddrew, and the decision ratified in discussion with the other two. Nature of stress targeted, and the participatory process: Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.
Evaluate organizational Board office in the analysis, design and job requirements and evaluation of Two design workshops, woriplace including users. Intuitively, the pluralistic basis to workplace stress suggests that stress management is most likely to be successful for the majority of employees if intervention comprehensively addresses sources of stress within the work environment, and their interactions Bond, ; Michie and Williams, The approach has distinguishable organizational characteristics through its focus worklace system development, co-learning processes, participation, democratic process, empowerment and a search for a balance between research and intervention Schurman, Action plans USA labour-management relations on presented to joint meetings of management and unions.
That project achieved a number of its aims, in particular reduction in factory noise, establishment of a worker project group and a model for continuing worker education, but wider structural aims, such as break times and a process for decision making regarding workplace change, were not realized. Analysis A standardized approach to analysis is recommended for scoping reviews Davis et al.
Regarding the latter, most studies refer to this in the context of mental health problems arising from stress, though some Gold, ; Lavoie-Tremblay, ; Lavoie-Tremblay et al.
Most studies were initiated either by a direct approach to the organization from an academic institution, or by the organization management contacting those institutions. Type of organization involved in the study: In this respect there are some prominent factors across the studies: Skip to main content.
Participatory approaches are recognized as being potentially challenging as so many staff groups may be involved. Engaging the workforce at every level, and q at senior management level, is a time-intensive process that has to be maintained. Corresponding author Andrew McVicar can be contacted at: Four studies were not empirical per se, but were either discussion papers related to participation two studiesor were evaluation studies which did not involve an intervention two studies.
Collaboration issues Improved stress outcomes following organizational change are more likely to be lasting if they engender a positive attitude to collaborative learning among managers and workers Lunt et al.
Literaturf could have implications for measures being introduced to address problems of stress in nursing.